Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in world. Glaucoma is referred to as the “silent thief of vision”. There are many different types of glaucoma, but they all lead to damage of the optic nerve (the connection between the eye and the brain). This damage leads to very characteristic visual field loss starting in the periphery and eventually encroaching toward the central vision. There are typically no signs or symptoms in most types of glaucoma. If left untreated, glaucoma can lead to total blindness.
Since vision loss from glaucoma is irreversible, early diagnosis and treatment by your ophthalmologist are the keys to preventing blindness from glaucoma. A full eye exam and diagnostic testing is needed to properly determine if you have glaucoma.
Medical Treatment for Glaucoma
Medical Treatment for Glaucoma by Alliance Ophthalmology includes ophthalmic eye drops and oral medications (pills) to decrease elevated intraocular (inside the eye) pressure (IOP), which can damage the optic nerve that transmits visual information to the brain.
Laser Iridotomy and Laser Iridoplasty
Laser surgery is used in the treatment of both, narrow angle as well as in open angle glaucoma. Laser Iridotomy and laser iridoplasty are used for the treatment of narrow or closed angle glaucoma.
Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT)
In open angle glaucoma, Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT) is performed to help with intraocular pressure control. All laser procedures are out-patient procedures performed in the clinic. These are usually associated with minimal pain and have no need for restricted activity after the laser. Your eye pressure will be rechecked approxamtely 30 minutes to an hour after the procedure before you go home. You will be sent home with some anti-inflammatory eye drops and a post-operative appointment.
iStent® Trabecular Micro-Bypass
NEW TECHNOLOGY FOR THE TREATMENT OF OPEN-ANGLE GLAUCOMA DURING CATARACT SURGERY
The iStent® is FDA-approved for use in conjunction with cataract surgery to reduce eye pressure in adult patients with mild-to moderate open-angle glaucoma currently being treated with glaucoma medicine. In clinical trials, iStent® has been shown to safely reduce eye pressure, which is the primary cause of open-angle glaucoma.